Mission: To enhance the environment, quality of life, and economy of the Centre Region by reuse of reclaimed water.
What is reclaimed water? Reclaimed water is water that has been treated to meet standards that allow the water to be reused.
Below are the text versions of the Executive Summaries for: the BioGuide Technology Report, the Transmission Corridor Study for the Beneficial Reuse Project, the Centre Region ACT 537 Plan, and the Preliminary Design Report of the Wastewater Treatment Plant. These articles give a brief outline of the "hows" and "whys" and future plans for the Benficial Reuse Project, and for wastewater planning for the Centre Region. If you are looking for more details, the entire report can be downloaded in the form of an Adobe Acrobat file. These require the Adobe Acrobat Reader which can be downloaded here.
To download the Transmission Corridor Study, click here.
To download the ACT 537 Plan (with no drawings), click here. Due to long download times and space considerations, later we hope to have the drawings for the ACT 537 Plan available, as either part of the Adobe Acrobat document, or as separate downloadable images.
Test results from the Phase 1 Pilot Test are available in the Pilot Report. Since this is a relatively short document, there is no Executive Summary like there was for the previous two reports. The Pilot Report is a 63kb Adobe Acrobat file. To download, click here.
To download the Preliminary Design Report of the Wastewater Treatment Plant click here. This is a 4.6MB Adobe Acrobat file.
To download the BioGuide Technology Final Report click here. This a 101kb Adobe Acrobat file.
The Authority is committed to adding nitrogen reduction to the treatment of its effluent, adding wastewater reuse capability, and increasing current solids recycling capacity in the next upgrade to the facility. The innovative BioGuide wastewater control technology, provided by BioChem Technology, allows real-time, on-line monitoring of wastewater treatment facilities to optimize treatment efficiency. The pilot project demonstrated that use of this technology might allow treatment facilities to recover actual treatment volume through optimization of existing capacity. This recovered capacity could then be applied toward plant modifications to achieve denitrification. Successful implementation of this project will demonstrate that this technology is an economically viable alternative to conventional engineering techniques for total nitrogen reduction. This comparison will be made.
There were two secondary objectives of this project. An analysis of possible energy savings realized by optimization of aeration blower output associated with process optimization was conducted. Results of this analysis will be presented. The BioGuide system also provides continuous monitoring of the treatment process. This information allows operators to make
control decisions with confidence. David A. Smith is administering the full-scale project for UAJA. Mr. Smith is currently the Assistant Executive Director and has been involved with the project from its inception. Herbert, Rowland and Grubic, Inc. is UAJAs consulting engineer. Brian L. Book and Steven M. Siegfried from that firm have provided invaluable assistance. BioChem Technology has also been an active partner in the project implementation. Mr. George Lee, President of BioChem, and his lead engineer Mr. Xin Yang and their staff have been very helpful. The BioGuide project has been ongoing almost two years. All data and experience gleaned from implementation of the project has been analyzed and is contained in this final report.
In 1998 the Centre Region Council of Governments (COG) voted to endorse the Beneficial Reuse Alternative as the preferred alternative for treated wastewater effluent disposal. The Centre Region COG asked the University Area Joint Authority (UAJA) to further define the Beneficial Reuse Alternative and to develop responses to questions raised by elected officials. Based on this action, UAJA began a more detailed study of this alternative with the goal of addressing community questions and concerns and preparing an amendment to the Centre Region Act 537 Sewage Facilities Plan for consideration by the municipalities. This Transmission Corridor Study summarizes the work completed by UAJA in response to the direction provided by the Centre Region COG.
The mission of the Beneficial Reuse project is to reuse water to benefit the environment, quality of life, and economy of the region. This mission differs significantly from traditional wastewater disposal projects, and will be the first such project in Pennsylvania to recognize reuse water as a resource, which can be used for the benefit of the community.
The Beneficial Reuse project consists of the treatment and purification of treated water from the UAJA wastewater treatment plant using microfiltration, and some combination of ozonation, ultraviolet light, and chlorination. The treatment will be followed by transmission and distribution throughout the Centre Region for industrial, agricultural, and commercial reuse, and environmental enhancement projects.
One of the advantages of the project is that it is expandable to meet the future growth of the community. This expandability leads to an incremental approach to water reuse management. UAJA needs to find reuse opportunities for an additional 150,000 gallons per day flow increase each year beginning when the direct discharge to Spring Creek reaches the existing 6.0 MGD discharge permit limit (approximately 2004). If UAJA is successful in marketing the reuse water, demand may be greater than the need to produce.
UAJA can respond to this demand by discharging less water directly to Spring Creek. This incremental approach is advantageous because it allows the cost of the project to be spread over a longer time period.
To satisfy Act 537 sewage facilities planning requirements, UAJA must have a reliable reuse customer that can consistently utilize the reuse water. One of the primary benefits of the Beneficial Reuse Alternative is that the water can be used year-round to enhance the natural environment. In the future and as confidence in the advantages of reuse water grows, the community will have more flexibility as it considers reuse proposals. The Slab Cabin Run sub watershed was identified as a good candidate for environmental enhancement because of the impact of the water withdrawn from the groundwater in this sub watershed by the State College Borough Water Authority. The reuse water could offset some of this withdraw and help maintain the stream flow in Slab Cabin Run.
UAJA has received preliminary interest for industrial, commercial and agricultural reuse amounting to 5% of the total capacity needed or one years growth in flow. These reuse customers will be supplied through an 8-mile transmission main to be constructed from UAJA through the Dale Summit industrial park to the Slab Cabin Run sub-watershed.
The UAJA Project Management Team recommends the Beneficial Reuse Project be implemented in phases as follows:
The 316(a) demonstration conducted by UAJA lasted for more than four years and concluded that the temperature effects of discharges from the UAJA plant up to 6.0 MGD had no adverse impacts to Spring Creeks indigenous populations. However, an extrapolation of modeling completed as part of the 316(a) demonstration indicated that any discharge above 6.0 MGD on an annual average basis will have an adverse impact upon the indigenous populations of Spring Creek and will not be permitted. The recommended alternative, known as Beneficial Reuse, has been developed by the UAJA as a method to allow managed growth to continue within the Centre Region, while maintaining a high quality of life for the residents of the Region and protecting the natural environment. The Beneficial Reuse alternative incorporates improvements to the existing UAJA wastewater treatment plant; transmission, distribution, and storage system components to convey water to reuse customers and stream augmentation points; and constructed wetlands to act as natural buffers.
The recommended alternative has an estimated cost of approximately $55 Million to implement in total with three phases proposed for 2002, 2008 and 2013 respectively. The proposed phases are as follows:
Phase I will consist of nutrient removal modifications to the UAJA treatment facility for the entire projected 9.0 MGD wastewater flow and construction of 0.75 MGD of Microfiltration, reverse osmosis and advanced disinfection capacity for production of reuse water. Additionally, a reuse water transmission main will be constructed to the commercial and industrial customers of the Dale Summit Industrial Park. Finally, a detailed hydrogeological study of the Slab Cabin Run sub-basin will be conducted.
Phase II will consist of the construction of an additional 0.75 MGD (1.50 MGD total) of Microfiltration and advanced disinfection, as well as 0.75 MGD of reverse osmosis if deemed necessary. Additionally, UAJA will extend the transmission main to the intersection of Branch Road and Route 45 with stream augmentation sites on Slab Cabin Run.
Phase III will consist of the construction of an additional 1.50 MGD (3.00 MGD total) of Microfiltration and advanced disinfection, as well as 1.50 MGD of reverse osmosis. User rates for customers of the UAJA system are anticipated to increase from $60.00 to $62.40 per quarter initially, with planned modest rate increases over the next 20 years. The connection fee will increase to $2,500 per Equivalent Dwelling Unit (EDU) in 2001 and will also increase marginally over the next 20 years.
The total cost of the project is anticipated to be $55
Million. With the following schedule for completion:
Table 3 Project Schedule
|Permit Design Activities||July 2000 December 2000|
|Permit Submission||December 31, 2000|
|Detailed Construction Design||December 2000 July 2001|
|Project Funding||June 2001 September 2001|
|Advertise for Construction Bids||October 2001|
|Award Construction Contracts||December 2001|
|Begin Construction||Spring 2002|
|Construction||Spring 2002- Fall 2003|
|Initial Start-Up||Fall 2003|
|Project Completion||January 2004|
In general the expansion and upgrade to the facility will incorporate the following major components:
Table 4 Proposed Unit Process
|Liquid Treatment||Biosolid Treatment|
|Fine Screening Systems||Thickeners|
|Grit Collection and Removal Systems||Polymer Feed System|
|Total Plant Influent Metering|
|Primary Clarifiers||Aerobic Sludge Holding|
|Settling Basins||Holding Tanks|
|Primary Sludge Pumping System||Sludge Transport Pumping System|
|Scum Pumping System|
|Biological Treatment Tanks||Sludge Dewatering|
|Anaerobic Reactors with Mixing||Belt Filter Press Systems|
|Aerobic Reactors with Fine Pore Aeration System||Polymer Feed System|
|Anoxic Reactors for Nitrate Removal||Permanganate Feed System|
|BFP Cake Transport System|
|Final Clarifiers||Composting Facility|
|Settling Basins||Blending System|
|Return Activated Sludge Pumping System||Aeration System|
|Waste Activated Sludge Pumping System|
|Chemical Addition Systems||Septage Receiving System|
|Alum Storage and Feed System||Septage Screen|
|Polymer Storage and Feed System||Transfer Pumping System|
|Disinfection & Dechlorination|
|UV Disinfection Tanks|
|Advance Water Treatment|